Toyota Echo Engine
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The Toyota Echo has been made since 2000 up to 2005. Toyota has used the Echo bade and the Toyota Yaris badge as well. The Echo has a 1.5 1NZFE engine that is a dual overhead cam design. The car is offered with an automatic transmission and a standard shift 5 speed. The cars design came in as a coupe and sedan.
It is an entry level sub-compact car built for economy and durability. The engine is a very straight forward design. The bore is 75 mm with a 87.4 mm stroke. The compression ratio is 10.5 to 1 so using regular gas is not a problem. The upper drivetrain is a dual overhead cam but with variable valve timing. The variable valve timing (VVT) helps to increase fuel efficiency and increase power also. The ECU will react to acceleration by changing the timing of the cams to operate the four valves per cylinder along with advancing the ignition timing. This helps deliver more power on demand. When the car is not under acceleration the timing retards and the cams ease off which takes away power but the gas mileage really increases.
The Echo can get 39 miles per gallon which is excellent and without the expense of purchasing a hybrid. The 2005 model has improved head room, larger cargo capacity and some performance options. Toyota began offering these upgrades to the car a couple of years back.
The suspension of the Echo is very good. It uses disc brakes in the front and drum brakes in the rear. The front strut suspension is independent and includes a front sway bar and coil springs. The rear suspension is a straight torsion beam or drag axle so it is very ridged and also uses struts with coil springs. The interior is very straight forward without a lot of frills. This makes for a well-balanced car that is very affordable.