Toyota Truck Engine
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The Toyota Pickup really got an increase in performance for the 1984-1995 years. The 1984 version came with a 2.4 22R carbureted engine for a 2.4 22RE fuel injection engine. These 2 type engines are almost identical except for the fuel pump mounted on the cylinder head and the intake. This style 22R motor was also used in the Toyota Celica. From 1985 thru 1995 the Toyota Truck still used a 22R and a 22RE 2.4 liter engine. It was a re-design from the earlier 22R used from 1981-1984. This 22R motor had a different deck height and more important an upgraded cylinder head. The result was a different stroke and better fuel flow. Toyota used this version of the 22RE engine exclusively in the truck line after 1985.
In 1986-1987 Toyota decided to offer a 22RE-TE engine. This was simply a modified 22RE long block into a turbocharged model. This did not go over well. Toyota should have learned just as other makers like Oldsmobile Cutlass when converted it from gas to diesel. It is best to build an engine for its specific use and tough to modify with any success and any durability.
Starting from 1988-1995 the Toyota Truck also had a 3.0 V6 3VZ SOHC engine as an option. This was the same engine used in the Toyota 4Runner. Again, the 3.0 liter engine SOHC type was used in trucks only. Some people get the 3VZ 3.0 liter confused with the Toyota Camry 1992-1993. The different is not only FWD to RWD but the Camry is a DOHC not a SOHC.
The Toyota Truck was offered in a 2 wheel drive and a 4 wheel drive. These 2 type drivetrains came in both automatic and manual shift. The transfer cases for the 22R type were different depending on the engine. Some has 2 shifters on the transmission and the other type had 1 shifter on the transmission and 1 shifter on the transfer case. The Toyota Truck competed with the Ford Ranger, Isuzu Pup and the Chevy S-10.